ABSTRACT: On the basis of the data of the General statistics office for the period 2005- 2015, the article uses the descriptive statistics method to analyze and assess the current situation of agricultural land distribution in Viet Nam according to use objects and livelihood of Viet Nam rural households. The article shows that land users are mainly households. Households’ scale was small, fragmentary, unconcentrated. Livelihoods of households depend mainly on agricultural land. Monthly income per capita was created by agricultural production appropriated a significant proportion in self- employment. But efficiency of land use was low. Hence, livelihood of agricultural production households was not high. The reason is due to the application of scientific advances in production is limited, educational level is low. People produce in the traditional way, selfsufficient, access to international markets limited. Income of regions are different, gender is one of the determinants of income.
KEYWORDS: Agricultural land, livelihood, household